Home Archive Vol.40, No.2, 2014 Magneti Resonance Imaging Criteria for Thrombolysis in Hyperacute Cerebral Infarction

Magneti Resonance Imaging Criteria for Thrombolysis in Hyperacute Cerebral Infarction

Ilir Ahmetgjekaj(1), Serbeze Kabashi-Mucaj(1), Luana Corina Lascu(2), Antigona Kabashi(1), A. Bondari(2), Simona Bondari(2), Kreshnike Dedushi-Hoti(3), Ardian Bicaku(3), Jeton Shatri(3)

(1)Clinic of Radiology, UCCK, Faculty of Medicine, Pristine University, Prima Imaging Centre, Pristine, Kosova, (2)University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania, (3)Clinic of Radiology, UCCK, Faculty of Medicine, Pristine University, Pristine, Kosova

    Abstract: Purpose: Selection of patients with cerebral infarction for MRI that is suitable for thrombolytic therapy as an emerging application. Although the efficiency of the therapy with i.v. tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) within 3 hours after onset of symptoms has been proven in selected patients with CT, now these criteria are determined by MRI, as the data we gather are fast and accurate in the first hours. Material and methods: MRI screening in patients with acute cerebral infarction before application of thrombolytic therapy was done in a UCC Mannheim in Germany. Unlike trials with CT, MRI studies demonstrated the benefits of therapy up to 6 hours after the onset of symptoms. We studied 21 patients hospitalized in Clinic of Neuroradiology at University Clinical Centre in Mannheim-Germany. They all undergo brain MRI evaluation for stroke. This article reviews literature that has followed application of thrombolysis in patients with cerebral infarction based on MRI. Results: We have analyzed the MRI criteria for i.v. application of tPA at this University Centre. Alongside the personal viewpoints of clinicians, survey reveals a variety of clinical aspects and MRI features that are opened for further more exploration: therapeutic effects, the use of the MRI angiography, dynamics, and other. Conclusions: MRI is a tested imaging method for rapid evaluation of patients with hyperacute cerebral infarction, replacing the use of CT imaging and clinical features. MRI criteria for thrombolytic therapy are being applied in some cerebral vascular centres. In Kosovo, the application of thrombolytic therapy has not started yet.
    Keywords: diffusion, perfusion, cerebral infarctions, MRI, thrombolysis

DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.40.02.05


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Volume 40 Issue 2 2014