Home Archive Vol.40, No.3, 2014 Correlations Between Craniofacial Morphology and Dento-Maxillary Anomalies in a Population of Children in The South West Region of Romania

Correlations Between Craniofacial Morphology and Dento-Maxillary Anomalies in a Population of Children in The South West Region of Romania

Anne-Marie Rauten(1), Camelia Maglaviceanu(2), M.R. POPESCU(3), Ioana Martu(4), Dora Popescu(5), Petra Surlin(5), M. Suciu(6), Maria Bogdan(7)

(1)Department of Orthodontics and Anthropology , Faculty of Dentistry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, (2)Department of Pedodontics and Anthropology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, (3)Department of Occlusology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, (4)Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi, (5)Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, (6)Department of Dental Prosthetics, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tîrgu Mureş, (7)Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova

    Abstract: Purpose. Craniofacial morphology is usualy described by the head (cephalic index) and face form (prosopic index). The aim of this study was to establish the existence of correlations between the cranial and facial types and the dento-maxillary anomalies. Material and Methods. Data were collected from two groups of patients (a control group of 42 patients without dental anomalies and a test group of 76 patients with dento-maxillary anomalies) of both sexes and age range 11-16 years. Results. Both in the control and test groups, 50% of patients were classified in mesocephalic type and mesoprosopic type. Conclusions. Groups studied by us showed correlations between anomalies in the transverse plane and dolichocephalic type and correlations between anomalies in the sagittal plane and leptoprosopic type.
    Keywords: prosopic index, cephalic index, dento-maxillary anomaly

DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.40.03.08


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Volume 40 Issue 3 2014