Home Archive Vol.41, No.2, 2015 Dermatoscopic and Histopatological Aspect of Preneoplasia and Skin Cancers – Study on 74 Patients

Dermatoscopic and Histopatological Aspect of Preneoplasia and Skin Cancers – Study on 74 Patients

LOREDANA ELENA STOICA(1), MĂDĂLINA VOICULESCU(2), CLAUDIA CIRSTEA(1)

(1)university of medicine and pharmacy of craiova, (2)Dermamed Clinic Craiova

    Abstract: Dermoscopy is an important in-vivo, non-invasive diagnostic technique that allows visualization of morphological features not macroscopic visible. It has a major contribution in enhancing the diagnostic accuracy for pigmented skin lesions. Recent studies have shown that it also aids in the diagnosis of non-pigmented keratinizing skin lesions, including actinic keratosis and Bowen’s disease. We performed a retrospective study in Dermamed Clinic Craiova, between January and June 2014, with the aim to correlate the dermoscopic and histopathological aspect of skin tumors. This study included a total of 74 patients, aged between 16 and 76 years. The dermatoscopic examination revealed 12 skin cancers, 51 precancerous lesions and 11 benign tumors. Those 12 subjects diagnosed with malignant tumors by dermatoscopic examination, had also histopathological examination and confirmation of the diagnosis, also 11 patients identified with benign tumors with dermatoscopic examination were subsequently confirmed by histopathological assesment. Out of the 51 patients with premalignant tumors, 48 patients had histopatological confirmation of it, and for 3 patients the result was squamous cell carcinoma. Thus dermatoscopic examination identified the malignant lesions with a specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 80% with a positive predictive value of 100% and a negative predictive value of 94.12%, p<0.000.
    Keywords: dermoscopy, nevi, melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma

DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.41.02.15


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Volume 41 Issue 2 2015