Home Archive Vol.41, No.3, 2015 Immunoexpression of N-cadherin, Twist and Vimentin in Bladder Urothelial Carcinomas

Immunoexpression of N-cadherin, Twist and Vimentin in Bladder Urothelial Carcinomas

A.E. Stepan(1), Mirela Ciuca(2), Cristiana Simionescu(1), Desdemona Stepan(3), C. MARGARITESCU(1)

(1)Pathology Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania, (2)PhD Student, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania, (3)Department of Infant Care–Pediatrics–Neonatology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania

    Abstract: Purpose: Epithelial mesenchymal transition consists in the acquisition of neoplastic epithelial cells of a mesenchymal phenotype the process being involved in cancers invasion and metastasis. In this study were analyzed the expression of N-cadherin, Twist and Vimentin in bladder urothelial carcinomas according to the main prognostic parameters. Material/Methods: The study included 20 bladder urothelial carcinomas which were analyzed histopathological, immunohistochemical and statistical. Results: N-cadherin was identified in 45% of cases, which belonged to high-grade carcinomas with deep invasion and lymph node metastases. Twist immunoreaction was identified in all cases and was significantly increased in advanced stages carcinomas. Vimentin was present only in the advancing edge in 25% of cases, which belonged to highly invasive carcinomas. Urothelial carcinoma metastases were N-cadherin and Twist and Vimentin negative. We found a linear positive distribution of N-cadherin and Twist values. Conclusion: the used markers are useful for identifying aggressive urothelial carcinomas in the context of reciprocal stimulation mechanisms inside of urothelial epithelial-mesenchymal transition process.
    Keywords: urothelial carcinoma, epithelial-mesenchymal transition

DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.41.03.05


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Volume 41 Issue 3 2015