Home Archive Vol.42, No.2, 2016 The Importance of Ultrasound Monitoring of the Normal and Lesional Cervical Ectropion Treatment

The Importance of Ultrasound Monitoring of the Normal and Lesional Cervical Ectropion Treatment

Smarandita Cotarcea(1), Cristina Stefanescu(1), G. Adam(2), C. Voicu(2), Monica-Laura Cara(2), A. Comanescu(3), N. Cernea(3), R. Pană(3)

(1)Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinic Hospital Filantropia & ENDOGYN AM, (2)ENDOGYN AM, (3)Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Clinical County Emergency Hospital of Craiova

    Abstract: Objective: to investigate the importance of various ultrasound prognosis features in the assessment of the cervical ectropion treatment monitoring. Method: The inclusion criteria was the presence of ectropion and the selection was based on clinical examination performed during routine consultations in specialized clinics, later confirmed by colposcopic evaluation of cervix. The evaluation protocol included: clinical evaluation completed with colposcopy, guided biopsy when lesions were suspected, serological assay of day 21 progesteronemy, presence of Chlamydia, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, HVS type II, HPV and bacterial infections, transvaginal ultrasound serial evaluation at the 7th, 14th and 21st day before and after tretment concerning: cervical volumetric calculations and velocimetric measurements of uterine arteries flows. Progestative treatment was prescribed, and antiinfectious specific treatment when needed. Patients were reevaluated after 3 months. Results: The prospective study included 45 patients between 2013-2014. 28 presented serum progesterone levels below the reference range or borderline. We noted a moderate reduction of the ectropion area in 42 % and a marked reduction in 58% of the cases. No statistically significant differences were found between the size of the cervix before or after treatment, except certain evaluations (the 7th and the 14th day) in the presence of bacterial coinfections. Evaluation of pulsed Doppler velocimetric indices of uterine arteries flows showed generally minor variations with no constant positive or negative trend. Conclusion: Based on the data obtained in our study, we conclude that ultrasound monitoring of ectropion treatment do not provide reliable prognosis data regarding the evolution of cervical lesion.
    Keywords: ectropion, ultrasound, colposcopy, cervical volume

DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.42.02.11 

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Volume 42 Issue 2 2016