Home Archive Vol.42, No.4, 2016 Brucellosis in Nepal - A Potential Threat to Public Health Professionals

Brucellosis in Nepal - A Potential Threat to Public Health Professionals

Krishna Prasad Acharya(1)

(1)Animal Science Instructor,Shree Himganga Higher Secondary School, Ramechhap, Nepal; Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuwan University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal

    Abstract: Brucellosis is a prominent zoonotic disease affecting humans and animals which with the lack of proper diagnosis and treatment remains dangerous in third world countries like Nepal. Currently, Brucellosis poses a public health concern, whose incidences among entire herds of animals can present substantial economic and health burdens for herders and health professionals. Additionally, factors such as close contact with animals, poor animal husbandry, and unhygienic feeding habits can exacerbate the spread of Brucella and related zoonotic agents. In Nepal, serious cases of bovine and even human brucellosis have been reported, although the topic is yet to be extensively reviewed. This paper evaluates the literatures on human and animal brucellosis in Nepal and other countries, with an emphasis on the impact of Brucella outbreaks on public health professionals. Herein, we summarize the current status of the disease, the mechanism of infection, pathogenesis, zoonotic potential, diagnostic advances, treatment regimens, and the preventive measures that can be adopted in managing human brucellosis in under-developed countries such as Nepal.
    Keywords: Brucellosis; zoonotic status; Public health professionals; Nepal.

DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.42.04.10 

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Volume 42 Issue 4 2016