Home Archive Vol.43, No.1, 2017 Etiological Aspects of Noncarious Dental Lesions

Etiological Aspects of Noncarious Dental Lesions

IULIA ROXANA MARINESCU(1), SANDA MIHAELA POPESCU(1), EMMA CRISTINA DRĂGHICI(1), MONICA SCRIECIU(2), VERONICA MERCUŢ(2), ADINA ANDREEA TURCU(3), ANDREEA GABRIELA NICOLA(3)

(1)Oral Rehabilitation Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania, (2)Prosthetics Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania, (3)PhD, DDS, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania

    Abstract: Purpose: The aim of the present study was to correlate etiological factors with noncarious cervical lesions in a group of patients from Craiova. Material and Methods: The study was conducted between November 2015 and May 2016 on 50 patients, aged 18-56 years, who addressed to the Oral Rehabilitation Clinic, from the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova. Patients were divided into two groups: the study group consists of patients who had noncarious cervical dental lesions (NCCLs) and the control group with patients who did not have noncarious cervical lesions. Each patient underwent a clinical examination and completed a questionnaire, referring to eating habits, oral hygiene, vicious habits and personal impressions about the appearance and functionality of his teeth, highlighting the factors involved in the noncarious dental lesions etiology. Results: The study group consisted of 64% women and 36% men. Noncarious cervical lesions were higher in men (72.22%) compared to women (56.25%). Regarding on the tooth brushing method, it has been noted that 34% of patients used a vertical tooth brushing method, 52% were using a circular brushing method, while 14% were practicing a horizontal tooth brushing method. Cervical sensitivity has been detected in 48% of the patients, against 52% who showed no sensitivity. 62% of the participants did not have bruxism, while nighttime/daytime bruxism was found in 38% of the patients. Conclusions: There are several etiological factors correlated with noncarious cervical lesions, among which are: tooth brushing method, bruxism, eating behaviors.
    Keywords: Noncarious dental lesions, etiology, cervical lesions, abfraction, erosive tooth wear

DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.43.01.08 


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Volume 43 Issue 1 2017