Home Archive Vol.43, No.3, 2017 Profile of Respiratory and Extra-Respiratory Tuberculosis in Patients Living with HIV in Dolj County between 2005-2015

Profile of Respiratory and Extra-Respiratory Tuberculosis in Patients Living with HIV in Dolj County between 2005-2015

V.I. GRECU(1), CRISTINA CĂLĂRAŞU(1), M. OLTEANU(2), ADINA ANDREEA TURCU(3), ADINA RIZA(4), FLOAREA MIMI NITU(2)

(1)“Victor Babeş” Clinical Hospital of Infectious Diseases and Pneumophtisiology, Craiova; PhD Student, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, (2)University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania, (3)“Victor Babeş” Clinical Hospital of Infectious Diseases and Pneumophtisiology, Craiova, (4)PhD Student, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova

    Abstract: Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is the commonest and the deadliest opportunistic infection in patients living with HIV/ AIDS. Purpose: The paper aims to assess patients with and without TB-HIV coinfection in Dolj county registered in Regional and National database in order to identify risk factors for progression to active TB for immunodepresive patients. Material and method: We performed a retrospective descriptive study using records of 336 patients infected with HIV (PIH)-data from medical charts between 2005-2015 and we compared with the data for 1120 patients without HIV between 2005-2012. Results: 64,1% were females and 35,89% were males. Most cases were from rural areas (61,54%) most of them graduating primary (17,94%) and secondary school (48,71%). Most of them don’t have a job (87%) and are supported by state with a monthly miminum income. Majority is born between 1980-1990 (64,1%), with predominance of Romanians (92.31%) compared to the Roma. Regarding all TB diagnoses (pulmonary and extrapulmonary) 117 had at least one episode of active TB. TB and HIV have been diagnosed almost at the same time in 25,64% cases. At the time of TB diagnosis 87% of patients had CD4+lymphocytes count <200cel/ml. We also noticed the absence of prophylaxis for TB in PIH, high incidence of hepatitis B among those with HIV/TB coinfection (34%). Conclusions: Active TB in patients with HIV infection is correlated with severe immunosuppression, poor education, and atypical clinical expression and radiological findings and more cases of extrapulmonary TB.
    Keywords: tuberculosis, HIV, pulmonary, lymphocytes

DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.43.03.06 


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Volume 43 Issue 3 2017