Home Archive Vol.43, No.4, 2017 Odontal-Periodontal Changes in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes

Odontal-Periodontal Changes in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes

DORA POPESCU(1), D. GHEORGHE(1), ILEANA PUIU(2), ANA-MARIA RȊCĂ(3)

(1)Departament of Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, (2)Departament of Pedriatics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, (3)Departament of Odontotherapy, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova

    Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is a complex disease characterized by insufficient insulin secretion and / or an inefficiency of target tissues to its metabolic action. Periodontal disease was recognized as the sixth leading complication of a diabetes. Gingival sulcus bleeding is considered as an important clinical parameter in the diagnosis of periodontal disease. This research is based on comparison of the clinical and paraclinical data between groups of patients with type 1 diabetes and periodontal disease on the one hand and groups of patients with periodontal disease without diabetic disease on the other hand. We can conclude that there is sufficient data to confirm the existence of a bidirectional relationship between metabolic changes in type 1 diabetes and periodontal (odontal-periodontal) disorder of patients, especially in adolescents and young adults. Both diseases can influence each other more or less, so for diabetics there is a predilection to develop periodontal disease as diabetes is a risk factor for severe parodontopathies.
    Keywords: abetes mellitus, periodontal disease, odontal-periodontal lesions

DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.43.04.07 


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Volume 43 Issue 4 2017