Curr Health Sci J, vol. 36, no. 1, 2010

When and How Nurse’s Interventions are Beneficial for Dysphagic Patient?

[For Practitioner]

Adriana Iliescu(1), Dana-Maria Albulescu(2), Adriana Hurezeanu(3), C. Voiculescu(4)


(1) General Nursing Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Craiova;
(2) Department of Anatomy, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Craiova;
(3) Department of Hygiene, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Craiova,
(4) Student, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Craiova


Abstract:

To eat and to hydrate represent two basic needs and constitute the base of Abraham Maslow’s pyramid, a theory which identifies human basic needs. A swallowing disorder (also called dysphagia) is difficulty or discomfort in swallowing. As a result, it can be difficult to eat and drink. Food represents the energy source and the biological substrate for our body cells. Water and food are introduced into the body through natural (digestive tract) and parenteral way (pathological conditions). Dysphagia represents a negative aspect that affects the development of this physiological need, so vital for survival. Swallowing difficulties can occur at any point along the swallow, from when the food or drink enters the mouth, to when the bolus passes through the esophagus and into the stomach. Dysphagia is probably more common than you think........The nurse, as a member of the interdisciplinary medical team, plays an important role in the medical care of patients registering such pathology. Consequently, the following questions are asked, which? how? and when? are nursing interventions essential for the dysphagic patient? To answer these questions, the nurse has to know closely the causes of dysphagia, its clinical aspects, as well as the interventions needed to provide the patient’s optimal nutrition, nutrition should represent a safety measure in such pathology.


Keywords:
dysphagia, nursing interventions



Corresponding:
Adriana Iliescu, General Nursing Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Street Petru Rares no. 2-4, 200 349, Craiova, Romania, phone/fax 0251-419400, E-mail adifabi96@yahoo.com


DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.36.01.11 - Download PDF