Curr Health Sci J, vol. 46, no. 3, 2020

Preliminary Results of the Micro-Elimination Project of Hepatitis C in a Disadvantaged Town in South-West of Romania-Orșova

[Original Paper]

A.E. BUTARU(1), I.P. DOICA(2), D.I. GHEONEA(2), I. ROGOVEANU(2), M. DICULESCU(3), C.N. OANCEA(4)


(1)Infectious Disease Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania,
(2)Gastroenterology Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania,
(3)Gastroenterology Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Carol Davila Bucharest, Romania,
(4)Analytical Chemistry Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania


Abstract:

Despite all recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of hepatitis C virus infection, the incidence remains high, motivating the present study to improve the prognosis of the disease through early diagnosis of asymptomatic patients with possible detectable risk factors. The aim of this study is to identify HCV infection in a disadvantaged population before the onset of symptoms and guide to specialized services for initiation of antiviral therapy, thus adhering to the WHO goal of elimination the infection. Materials and Methods: In the first two weeks after the start of the study, 320 patients with detectable risk factors for HCV were tested using rapid tests, in a southwestern city of Romania, Orșova, with the participation of four doctors, via Family Medicine Offices. Results: As a percentage, the amount of detection based on rapid tests was 2.5%, the positive results have apparently been achieved exclusively among female subjects. All patients have been informed about the result and included in the diagnostic trial, where they were fully evaluated to determine if they were eligible for therapy. Conclusions. Population screening contributes to the diagnosis and elimination of an underdiagnosed pathology, in a disadvantaged area with limited access to medical care. The positive feedback that has been received in just a few weeks after its beginning, once again has motivated to emphasis the population screening, with real considerations on the possibility of expanding this program on a large scale.


Keywords:
HCV elimination, disadvantaged region screening, sustained virological response



Corresponding:
Irina Paula Doica, Gastroenterology Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova, Romania, Petru Rares, No. 2, 200349, e-mail: doicairinapaula@gmail.com


DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.46.03.01 - Download PDF