Archive issue

Current Health Sciences Journal

vol. 49 no. 3, 2023

1. Mechanisms of Altered Immune Response in Skin Melanoma

RF Fruntealata, M Matei, IKS Boboc, SI Mitran, ME Ciurea, GA Stoica

Melanoma, a deadly form of skin cancer, poses significant challenges to the host immune system, allowing tumor cells to evade immune surveillance and persist. This complex interplay between melanoma and the immune system involves a multitude of mechanisms that impair immune recognition and promote tumor progression. This review summarizes the intricate strategies employed by melanoma cells to evade the immune response, including defective immune recognition, immune checkpoint activation, and the role of regulatory T-cells, myeloid-derived suppressor cells, and exosomes in suppressing anti-tumor immunity. Additionally, we discuss potential therapeutic targets aimed at reversing immune evasion in melanoma, highlighting the importance of understanding these mechanisms for developing more effective immunotherapies. Improved insights into the interactions between melanoma and the immune system will aid in the development of novel treatment strategies to enhance anti-tumor immune responses and improve patient outcomes.

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2. Association between Direct-Acting Agents Adherence and Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients with Hepatitis C

IP Doica, AT Stiolica, BS Ungureanu, DN Florescu, I Rogoveanu, DI Gheonea

This observational study included all patients undergoing HCV treatment with direct-acting antiviral (DAA)-based therapy between May 2020 and September 2023 at the Dolj County Hospital, Romania. The aim was to investigate adherence to DAAs among HCV patients and the effect of this treatment on their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Chronic HCV-infected patients were prospectively evaluated at baseline (T0), before the beginning of treatment, and 12 weeks after completing DAAs treatment (T1). The HCV-AD10 questionnaire was used to measure DAAs adherence, and HRQoL was assessed with the 15D instrument. The 15D questionnaire was administered at two time points: T0 and T1, during which the Sustained Virologic Response (SVR) was also measured. The primary outcome was DAAs adherence, with secondary outcomes including quality of life (QoL), and sustained virologic response (SVR). DAAs based therapy was initiated for 368 patients, all of whom were health insured. HRQoL and psychological state of HCV patients clinically improved. The DAAs adherence was very good (mean±SD, 91.51±8.34), being influenced by age (younger patients were much adherent, rho=-0.112, p-value=0.031) and the severity of the disease (patients with more severe hepatitis were less adherent, rho=-0.167, p-value=0.001). DAAs had a significant effect on improving HRQoL of HCV patients, but did not influence medication adherence.

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3. Sildenafil in Pulmonary Hypertension Associated with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia: Friend or Foe?

I Branescu, S Vladareanu, S Shetty, DO Alexandru, A Kulkarni

Introduction: Sildenafil is a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor used to treat pulmonary hypertension, although its efficiency remains disputed in the neonatal population. We aimed to assess the clinical use of this drug in extremely premature infants diagnosed with pulmonary hypertension associated to bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Study design: This is a retrospective study of 18 patients born at ≤ 32 weeks gestational age with pulmonary hypertension complicating moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia, which was diagnosed on echocardiography at 36 weeks corrected gestational age. Median corrected gestational age at starting sildenafil was 48 weeks (range 32-60). In 4 cases there was a period of > 2 weeks between the evidence of moderate-severe pulmonary hypertension and starting sildenafil. In all other cases it was started as soon as the diagnosis was suspected or confirmed. Results: All infants tolerated the use of sildenafil. However, 5 babies (26.31%) died despite ongoing intensive care, and 5 babies (26.31%) died after having care redirected due to severe chronic lung disease (1 due to co-existing neurological abnormality), with on overall mortality of this study of 52.62%. Eight babies (42.1%) survived: 5 continued on sildenafil until hospital discharge, 1 continued on transfer to the paediatric intensive care unit and 2 stopped while inpatients. Upon follow up to 2 years of age, out of the 5 patients who continued upon hospital discharge, 4 stopped at 6, 7, 12 and 18 months respectively, with 1 child being lost to follow up. Two patients (10.52%) restarted sildenafil use later in childhood. Echocardiographic evidence of improvement was noted in 58% (11 cases), with no improvement in 6 cases (32%) and incorrect original diagnosis in 1 case (5%). One infant died less than a week from the initiation of treatment. Conclusion: sildenafil use showed no clinical improvement of pulmonary hypertension complicating moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in extremely premature infants.

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4. Evaluation of Transient Ischemic Stroke Cases Admitted to a Tertiary Hospital in Mehedinți County, South-West of Romania

O Paun, L Mogoanta

The transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a common cerebrovascular ischemic disease whose symptoms resolve within a maximum of 24 hours. The study carried out by us is a retrospective descriptive one, in which we sought to highlight the main characteristics of TIA in patients admitted to the Emergency Hospital in Turnu-Severin municipality in Mehedinți county, in the period 2016-2020, including a group of 53 patients, mainly from Mehedinți county. The analysis of the study group and the risk factors showed that TIA mainly affects the elderly, over 50 years old, with the highest incidence being recorded in the 60-80-year age groups, with an extremely low incidence under 40 years. Significant differences were found between the sexes and between the social environments, with women and people from the urban environment being more prone to suffer a TIA. Among the most important modifiable risk factors encountered in TIA patients included in the study, the following were highlighted: HTN, obesity and atherosclerosis. Knowing the modifiable factors and combating them can improve the prognosis of AIT.

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5. Anastomotic Leakage after Colorectal Surgery: Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Therapeutic Options

MM Denicu, D Cartu, S Ramboiu, M Ciorbagiu, V Surlin, R Nemes, LC Chiutu

Anastomotic leakage (AL) is the most severe and devastating complication of colorectal surgery. The objectives of this study were to identify the risk factors involved in the development of AL, evaluate diagnostic methods and explore therapeutic options in case of colorectal cancer surgery. Material and Methods: we conducted a retrospective study on 28 AL recorded after 315 elective colorectal cancer surgeries performed in 1st Surgery Clinic of Craiova over an 8-year period (2014-2022). Results: The overall incidence of AL was 8.88%. The identified risk factors were rectal cancer (22.38%), low anterior rectal resection (50%), open approach, advanced age (82.15% over 60 years old), male sex (3:1), and the presence of two or more co-morbidities. Medical conservative treatment was the primary line of treatment in all cases. Leakage closure was achieved in 22 cases (78.56%), with exclusive conservative treatment in 15 cases (46.42%) and combined conservative and surgical treatment in 7 cases (25.0%). Overall morbidity was recorded at 64.28%, with 8 cases of general evolving complications and 10 cases of local complications. General mortality was reported at 6 (21.42%), with 3 (16.66%) occurring after conservative treatment and 3 after re-interventions (30%). Conclusions: our study identified advanced age, the presence of two or more co-morbidities, male sex, rectal surgery, and neoadjuvant chemoradiation as the most important risk factors for AL. Medical conservative treatment was the primary treatment modality, while reoperation was necessary in cases of uncontrollable sepsis and MODS. Mortality after re-intervention was nearly double compared to conservative treatment.

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6. Gastric Cancer in Gorj County - a Clinical-Statistical Study

A Giubelan, MI Stancu, SS Mogoanta, RI Radu, GD Malaescu

Gastric cancer (GC) is the fourth most common cause of cancer death worldwide, with about 769,000 deaths/year worldwide. Recent studies showed a continuous decrease in the incidence and mortality of gastric cancer mainly in developed countries, while the incidence remains increased in some countries in Eastern Asia and Eastern Europe. For the assessment of some parameters of gastric cancer in Gorj county, all the medical records of patients diagnosed with gastric cancer, found in the Archive of the County Emergency Hospital of Tg Jiu, were analyzed, namely the admission records within the Surgery and Oncology departments, the observation sheets of every individual patient, the biological test reports, the histopathological records of the patients with gastric cancer undergoing surgery, the histopathological records of gastric biopsies, the medical imaging records (ultrasound, x-ray, computer tomography and magnetic resonance). The analysis of the medical records showed that the disease mainly affects men, the ratio of men/women being 2/1-3/1. Most cases undergoing surgery within the County Hospital of Tg. Jiu were diagnosed in stages III or IV. The most numerous cases (over 85% of the total group of patients) were identified in people over 61 years old. The most common histopathological form of cancer was adenocarcinoma (95% of all gastric tumors).

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7. Partial Decellularization as a Method to Improve the Biocompatibility of Heart Tissue Implants

M Mesina, I Mindrila, MIM Botoran, LA Mindrila, I Pirici

Increasing the biocompatibility of some biological implants through tissue engineering is important for regenerative medicine, which recently has a rapid development dynamic. In this study we used tree different washing protocols, respectively with Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS), with Sodium Deoxycholate (SD), and with saline (Sa) to achieve partial decellularization of 2-3mm thick cross-sections through Wistar rat hearts. Pieces of the heart tissue were either histologically analyzed to evaluate the decellularization processes or implanted for 5 days on 9-day-old chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) and then histologically analyzed to evaluate CAM-implant interactions. Histological analysis of SLS or SD washed tissues showed different microscopic features of the decellularization processes, SLS-washing leading to the formation of a completely decellularized ECM layer at the periphery of the heart tissue. Both detergents induced changes in the spatial arrangement of collagen fibers of the heart tissue. Histological analysis of the CAM implants shoved that the peripheral zone with complete decellularization induced by SLS increased the biocompatibility of heart tissue implants by favoring neovascularization and cell migration. These results suggested that the biocompatibility of the heart tissue implant can be modulated by the appropriate use of a SLS-based decellularization protocol.

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8. Etiological Profile of Epistaxis: Pre-Pandemic Versus Pandemic

AN Vlaescu, E Ionita, F Anghelina, CA Mogoanta, SM Ciolofan, A Rusescu, IG Ionita, C Voiosu, R Hainarosie

Nosebleed or epistaxis is one of the most common forms of presenting an emergency in the ENT field. Since March 11, 2020, the World Health Organisation has proclaimed COVID-19 a global pandemic, and the world has been closed down. The main objective of the study is to analyse and compare the dynamics of epistaxis aetiology among the cases that required hospitalisation in the pre-pandemic period and the period of the COVID 19 pandemic. The study is multicenter retrospective from October 2018 to May 2022, including 380 cases of hospitalised epistaxis, with the mention that March 2020 is considered the beginning of the pandemic period. 60.8% of the patients enrolled in the study in the pre-pandemic period (60.8%) and 39.2% in the pandemic period. Differences between groups were not statistically significant between study entries (pre-pandemic vs. pandemic) and age (p=0.331), gender (p=0.916) or existence of local causes for epistaxis (p=0.895). Patients with general causes for epistaxis were more frequently enrolled in the pandemic period, while patients without general causes for epistaxis were more frequently enrolled in the pre-pandemic period. Patients with a hospitalisation period of more than 5 days were more frequently enrolled in the pre-pandemic period while patients with a hospitalisation period of 3 to 5 days were more frequently enrolled in the pandemic period. Also, patients with idiopathic epistaxis were more frequently enrolled in the pre-pandemic period. Based on the results presented in our study, the period of the Covid 19 pandemic directly influenced both the number of patients and the period of hospitalisation.

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9. Intestinal Stomas in Abdominal Surgery: Etiological Circumstances, Indications, High Gravity Factors and Complications

EL Albulescu, S Ramboiu, MV Surlin, VT Grigorean, IC Barsan, RN Nemes, LC Chiutu

This is a retrospective study of 264 intestinal stomas performed in the surgical unit of the Emergency Clinical Hospital “Bagdasar Arseni”, Bucharest, within a 7-year period (2015-2021) aiming to evaluate their evolutive complications, risk factors, management and prevention strategies. Material and method. Colostomies: 218 (82.57%) cases, ileostomies 46 (17.43%) cases. Temporary stomas (103 cases or 39.02%) were isolated stomas of discharge in 45 cases and associated with other colorectal procedures in 58 cases. Postoperative complications included general systemic complications in 60 (22.72%) cases and local complications specific to stomas in 84 (31.81%) cases and common to abdominal surgery in 94 (35.60%) cases, which were solved by reoperation in 51 cases, with a reintervention rate of 19.31%. Stoma closures were performed in 34 (33.0%) of the 103 patients with temporary stomas. Of these, 26 (25.24%) patients died in the early postoperative period (< 30 days), the remaining 60 patients refused reintervention or were lost to follow-up. Conclusions. Faecal diversion still represents a therapeutic option for a wide range of benign or malignant digestive or extra-digestive abdominal diseases performed in emergency or scheduled surgeries, mostly for colorectal cancer and its complications.

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10. Zinc-Boron Complex-Based Dietary Supplements for Longevity and Healthy Life

A Bita, IR Scorei, TA Balseanu, G Rau, MV Ciocilteu, GD Mogosanu

The nutritional role of zinc (Zn) and boron (B) in the plant-animal-human food chain is highly topical worldwide research. Our data indicated that Zn-B complex (ZBC)-based dietary supplements can be used as stable non-toxic formulations, with high intestinal absorption rate, inducing alpha2-macroglobulin (A2M) expression for longevity and healthy life. ZBC is metabolized by hydrolysis, mainly at the absorption site (intestinal level), and most of it is excreted in the urine. Within seven hours from the administration in mice, almost the entire amount of orally absorbed ZBC is eliminated in a metabolized form. The highest amount of A2M protein in mouse liver was determined by immunoabsorbance assay in the chronic experiment (1000mg/kg of ZBC), followed by the subchronic experiment (at the same dose of ZBC), and by the acute experiment (5000mg/kg of ZBC).

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11. Obesity and Myocardial Infarction-The Place of Obesity Among Cardiovascular Risk Factors-Retrospective Study

CE Negroiu, I Tudorascu, CG Moise, E Vinturis, CM Bezna, R Danoiu, ME Gaman,S Danoiu

Since the 21st century, the leading cause of death is cardiovascular disease, with myocardial infarction being the most common. The incidence and prevalence of obesity has risen sharply in recent years, and it is commonly recognised as a cardiovascular risk factor among tobacco smoking, dyslipidemia (high LDL-C, high triglycerides, low HDL-C), hypertension, diabetes, age, gender, hereditary predisposition. Materials and methods. This study is a retrospective study conducted at the Craiova Emergency Clinical Hospital between October 2020 and January 2023. Enrolled patients are 60, 36 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and 24 patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction. The data was collected from the hospital's official database and then analyzed using Microsoft Excel and the Toolbar Data Analysis. Results. The mean age of the patients in the study was 62 years with a minimum of 34 years and a maximum of 84 years. 23(38.3%) of patients were smokers, 7(11.6%) were ex-smokers and 30(50%) were non-smokers. 49(81.6%) patients were hypertensive. 44(73%) had cholesterol greater than 200mg/dl. 54(90%) had LDL>100mg/dl, 18(30%) had HDL>45mg/gl, 24(40%) patients had serum TG>150mg/dl, 17(28%) were overweight and 13(22%) were obese, 30(50%) were normal weight. 18(30%) patients had type 2 diabetes. Conclusions. Among the cardiovascular risk factors in the patients studied, hypertension was the most common, followed by dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking, diabetes mellitus, and very rarely the use of drugs and anabolic substances.

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12. In vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Some Extracts of Salvia spp Harvested from the Oltenia Flora Using Different Solvents

RM Balasoiu, A Bita, EC Stanciulescu, M Balasoiu, C Bejenaru, LE Bejenaru, CG Pisoschi

In this study, the antimicrobial activity of three Salvia spp. (S. glutinosa, S. splendens, S. verticillata) extracts prepared with different solvents was assessed using the diffusion method and the quantification of the minimum inhibitory concentration for each extract on S. aureus, E. coli and C. albicans standard strains. The results showed that the extracts of the three Salvia spp. are suppressing the growth of the bacteria tested with variable potency. Among the different solvent extracts, n-butanolic extracts of all the three species of Salvia spp. revealed the most important antibacterial activity against S. aureus and E. coli. S. splendens extracts proved to be the most efficient on C. albicans regardless of the solvent used.

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13. Multicenter Epidemiological Study of Nosebleeds Requiring Hospitalization

AN Vlaescu, E Ionita, F Anghelina, CA Mogoanta, SM Ciolofan, A Rusescu, IG Ionita, C Voiosu, R Hainarosie

Epistaxis is a common presenting symptom either emergency condition or ambulatory in Otorhinolaryngology, affecting people of all ages. A multicentric retrospective descriptive study of 380 patients who were hospitalized with epistaxis over a 3.8 year period was carried out. Data collected was analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics 25 and illustrated using Microsoft Office/Word 2016. The current study showed that male adults after 60 years old are most affected by nasal bleeding. More than half of hospitalized patients have severe epistaxis at the time of hospitalization. However, further studies are necessary to be done in order to fully elucidate the epidemiology of nosebleeds requiring hospitalization.

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14. Micronutrient Research in Autism Spectrum Disorder. A Clinical Study

CM Anastasescu, E Stoicanescu, O Badea, F Popescu

Autistic spectrum disorders are part of the category of neurodevelopmental disorders, characterized by: difficulties in communication and social interaction, restrictive and repetitive patterns of behaviours and activities, which are present throughout the developmental period, and can be diagnosed in the first five years of life. Due to the increase in the incidence of this disorder in recent years, it has become a topic of great interest both to specialists in child and adolescent psychiatry and to researchers in the field. Given the polymorphism of Autism Spectrum Disorder and the need to discover factors that better explain the etiology of this disorder, studies related to biomarkers are extremely varied. One of the areas of study that have exercised particular interest is related to the involvement of metals in the pathology of autism spectrum disorder. Apart from the controversies related to heavy metals that according to studies affect the developmental process, there are studies that suggest that some micronutrients such as zinc, copper, selenium, iron, magnesium, may be involved in the etiology of autism spectrum disorder. Starting from these studies, we set out to investigate to what extent these essential metals for the body are involved in the etiology of autism spectrum disorder and how they influence the severity of symptoms.

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15. PLGA-The Smart Biocompatible Polimer: Kinetic Degradation Studies and Active Principle Release

MV Ciocilteu, G Rau, MO Amzoiu, DC Amzoiu, CG Pisoschi, BAM Poenariu

The aim of our research was the development of prolonged delivery systems for therapeutic agents with various properties (prevention and treatment of bone diseases, anti-neoplastic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant) that would ensure sustained therapeutic levels of the active principle, above the minimum inhibitory concentration, without reaching toxic levels over a long period of time as alternatives to conventional routes of administration. PLGA (poly lactic-co-glycolic acid), a biodegradable and biocompatible synthetic polymer, FDA approved, with a 65:35 lactic acid (LA): glycolic acid (GA) copolymer ratio, was chosen as delivery system. Our studies have shown that in PBS it undergoes two simultaneous degradation processes, hydrolysis and autohydrolysis, degrading completely in about 40 days. The release of the active principle is determined by the diffusion from inside the polymer matrix to the outside, which occurs simultaneously with the erosion of the polymer, during 35 days.

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16. Probe - Based Confocal Endomicroscopy and Endoscopy in NBI Module - The Role in Clinical Decision - Case Reports

P Popa, M Matei, L Streba, MM Florescu, CT Streba

Cancer remains a significant global cause of mortality, irrespective of a country's level of development. Among all cancer types, gastrointestinal cancers claim the highest number of lives annually. This disease predominantly affects individuals in their 6th to 8th decades of life. Unfortunately, diagnoses often occur during advanced stages of the illness, rendering chemotherapy less effective and offering a reserved prognosis. Conventional endoscopy, however, struggles to differentiate lesions based on their histological composition. Consequently, the management of patients largely depends on histopathological examinations, which can be time-consuming. Biopsy results are sometimes delayed, with precious weeks passing, particularly critical for patients with malignant lesions. Moreover, biopsies may yield inconclusive results if not precisely targeted, leading to potential mismanagement, unnecessary resections and burdensome pathology services. This series of cases underscores, as previous studies have, the value of modern endoscopic techniques in determining the appropriate therapeutic approach for each patient, an approach that ensures the highest quality of life.

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17. Acute Toxicity by Salvia Officinalis: A Rare Cause of Intestinal Sub-Occlusion

A Rapino, G Ceccuzzi, B Perna, RD Giorgio, M Guarino

Salvia officinalis is a perennial plant commonly used in culinary and medical preparations. Its large intake is usually related to psychiatric disorders (such as pica) and might induce different symptoms (e.g. vomiting, nausea, diarrhoea, salivation, arterial hypertension, tachycardia, vertigo, flushes, cyanosis and convulsions) likely ascribable to pro-cholinergic effects of various constituents. The identification of this toxicity is challenging because of its rarity and possible underlying psychiatric comorbidities. Herein we describe the case of a schizophrenic 56-year-old male admitted to the Emergency Department for abdominal pain and diarrhea resulted in a rare case of acute toxicity by Salvia officinalis.

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18. Retrospective Study of a Patient with Multiple de Novo Skin Tumor Formations

RF Fruntealata, TA Balseanu, O Nica, AA Negrila, IL Petrovici, EA Marinescu, GA Stoica, M Stoica, AM Ciurea, ME Ciurea

In Romania, the incidence of malignant melanocytic tumors is continuously increasing. According to the World Health Organization, the incidence of melanocytic and non-melanocytic skin neoplasms has increased considerably and globally, in the last decade. We present the case of a 49-year-old patient who, over the course of 7 years, came in the Plastic Surgery Clinic of the Emergency County Hospital of Craiova for the excision of a number of 25 skin tumor formations, located on the face, cervical region, trunk and upper limbs. Treatment included complete microsurgical excision and supervision. In the end, the patient's treatment compliance decreased significantly.

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19. Hydrocephalus Resolution with Third Ventriculostomy with Floor Stenting: Technical Note and Literature Review

JR Vanzin, AE Martio, MN Santos, ND Azambuja Jr., OR Karam, LB Manzato

Introduction: The management of refractory obstructive hydrocephalus is a paramount neurosurgical challenge. The endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has been accepted as the procedure of choice for obstructive hydrocephalus, depending on the presence of certain risk factors, such as intracranial infections, young age, previous shunt failure and distorted anatomy of the ventricular floor, that predispose occlusion or obstruction of the CSF outflow through the stoma. Case Report: A 20-year-old man with obstructive hydrocephalus due to primary aqueductal stenosis performed several neurosurgical procedures, including two previous ETV, without long term resolution. We performed another ETV, with stent placement at the stoma to prevent occlusion. After 25 months of asymptomatic follow-up, the patient presented with an enlarged fourth ventricle, and a new neuroendoscopic procedure showed a patent stoma and a well-placed stent. Discussion: Stent placement on the third ventricular floor was already reported 19 times in the literature. Its success rate is about 94,7%, and complications happened in 2 cases, with functional impaired in only one of them. Conclusion: Third ventriculostomy with floor stenting proved to be an effective procedure in our case of complex hydrocephalus. It is a viable option in cases where there is a greater chance of stoma occlusion.

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20. Open Spina Bifida: The Role of Ultrasound Markers in the First Trimester and Morphopathology Correlation

DR Ungureanu, MC Comanescu, AM Istrate-Ofiteru, GL Zorila, RC Dragusin, DG Iliescu

Objectives-To evaluate ultrasound markers during a first-trimester (FT) routine ultrasound examination for an early detection of open spina bifida (OSB) and to correlate the sonographic findings with the morpho-histological ones. Materials and Methods: This retrospective research was performed using data from foetuses that underwent FT anatomy scans (FTAS) with a gestational age between 11 weeks and 13 weeks and 6 days in the Prenatal Diagnostic Unit of the Clinical Emergency County Hospital Craiova from October 2022 until September 2023. Results: The study included 648 FT singleton pregnancies and 5 OSB cases were detected. In the OSB group, we found abnormal aspects of the fourth ventricle, also named intracranial translucency (IT) in 4 out of 5 cases of OSB (80%), a brain stem anteroposterior diameter, and brain stem to occipital bone ratio abnormal in all 5 cases (greater than 1) (100%), the crash sign was present in 80% (4 out of 5 cases) and the spinal defect was visualized in 4 out of 5 patients (80%). Medical termination of pregnancy (MTOP) was the preferred option in all cases of OSB. This allowed us to include an extended histological study to confirm the ultrasound diagnosis. Conclusions: A combined detailed FTAS that includes both cranial ultrasound markers of the posterior fossa and also a good visualization of the foetal spine offers an early optimal detection rate of spine abnormalities.

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21. Imaging Aspects of Enchondromas in Pediatric Patients

I Bailescu, M Popescu, D Dumitrescu, I Mindrila, O Visan, MC Moraru, RM Balan, DM Albulescu

Enchondromas are benign tumors located primarily in long bones, some of which can be accidentally discovered during imaging exams conducted for other pathologies. These benign cartilaginous tumors are hard to differentiate from low grade chondrosarcomas, which require periodic follow ups. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence of enchondromas in pediatric patients, to determine medical imaging criteria (Computed Tomography-CT and Magnetic Resonance Imaging-MRI) in order to differentiate enchondromas from other atypical cartilaginous tumors, and to identify a potential correlation between imaging aspects and clinical signs. The aim of this study was to review imaging findings of enchondromas in children.

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22. Genomic Profiling - A Need for Clinical Decision? - Case Reports

AM Ciurea, M Schenker, CM Ciofiac, L Streba, R Schenker, CT Streba

Cancer is still an important health issue worldwide due to increased incidence and mortality. Personalized medicine is the future of cancer treatment. Development in technology improved technical skills in DNA/RNA sequencing. NGS technology in solid-tumor samples can describe DNA or RNA analysis by including the entire genome to detect clinical relevant mutations. Genetic results may be considered having a dynamic impact because of heterogenous molecular alterations depending of time and treatment influence. We conducted a retrospective study of all NGS tests made in the last five years for the patients from ‘Sf. Nectarie’ Oncology Center, Craiova, Romania. We selected three relevant clinical cases where NGS analysis was performed and the results changed the perspective of the clinical decision. Our aim is to evaluate the importance of NGS results in clinical approach. Although medicine known an important development during the last decades, only a few patients can benefit of advanced personalized treatments. It is still hard to identify the alterations or gene mutations because of genetic tests are not easily available and only a small proportion of patients carries genetic alterations.

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