Curr Health Sci J, vol. 47, no. 2, 2021

Maternal Lipid Profile as Predictor for Mother and Fetus Outcome-an Artificial Neural Network Approach

[Original Paper]

Manuela Stoenescu(1), Mircea-Sebastian Serbanescu(2), Anda Lorena Dijmarescu(4), Maria Magdalena Manolea(4), Sidonia Sandulescu(4), Sidonia Vrabie(4), Ioana Camen(1), Maria Carmen Tabacu(1), Marius Bogdan Novac(3)


(1)PhD, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania,
(2)Medical Informatics and Biostatistics Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania,
(3)Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania,
(4)Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania


Abstract:

Purpose. The study aims to predict mother and fetus outcome based on the mother's lipid profile in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. Material and method. Blood and urinary samples were taken from 135 mothers that were prospectively monitored during the hole pregnancy. Total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), together with other parameters, were used as predictors in a multilayer perceptron (MLP) artificial neural network (ANN). Small for gestational age (SGA) was used to assess the fetal outcome, while Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and, Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) to assess the mother's outcome. Results. SGA prediction rate was 0.637±0.022 for the second trimester and 0.632±0.017 for the third trimester. GDM prediction rate was 0.897±0.006 for the second trimester and 0.632±0.017 for the third trimester. HDP prediction rate was 0.620±0.046 for the second trimester and 0.775±0.030 for the third trimester. When used with other parameters (hemoglobin, thrombocytes, uric acid, GOT, GPT, the presence of proteinuria, urea, and creatinine) the prediction rates raised, going over 90% for the GDM. Conclusions. Though individual lipid parameters do not statistically correlate with the output variables the use of ANN generated prediction rates raging from 60% to 90%. The lipid profile from the third trimesters seems to be a better prediction for both fetus and mother outcome.


Keywords:
Lipid profile, fetus outcome, mother outcome



Corresponding:
Mircea-Sebastian Serbanescu, Medical Informatics and Biostatistics Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, 2 Petru Rares Street, 200349 Craiova, Romania, e-mail: mircea_serbanescu@yahoo.com


DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.47.02.11 - Download PDF