Curr Health Sci J, vol. 47, no. 2, 2021

Descriptive Analysis of Patients with Gastric Tumors Referred to the Largest Emergency Hospital in Oltenia Region-Romania, Between 2015-2020

[Original Paper]

Ilona Mihaela Liliac(1), Mihai Victor Sacerdotianu(1), Bogdan Silviu Ungureanu(2), Sevastita Iordache(2), Laurentiu Mogoanta(3), Adrian Saftoiu(2), Daniel Pirici(3)


(1)PhD student, Doctoral school, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania,
(2)Gastroenterology Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania,
(3)Department of Histology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania


Abstract:

Gastric cancer represents the third most frequent cause of death worldwide, with the treatment being impaired also by the fact that patients present in the late stages of disease progression. We have aimed here to evaluate the main clinical and pathological features of all recorded cases of gastric tumor patients presented between January 2015 and December 2020 within the Emergency County Hospital of Craiova. Our retrospective analysis identified a total number of 745 cases, and showed a relative homogenous distribution of the age of the patients / year, with the peak age at presentation of 70-80 years old, and with males having a slightly higher prevalence compared to females. There was no correlation of the number of hospitalization days with the localization of the tumor, but the patients in the age group 60-70 years of age tended to show longer hospitalization times compared to the rest of the age groups. Also, pyloric/ antral tumors tended to present at younger ages compared to other localizations, and interestingly, these patients also represented most of the casuistry. Altogether, the distribution of gastric cancer patients’ features did not change significantly in the last 5 years despite treatment advances (especially chemo-and radiotherapy), and the advanced stage of presentation call for a more aggressive detection and increased awareness of the population for this frequent pathology.


Keywords:
Gastric cancer, age distribution, anatomical localization, gender distribution, hospitalization time



Corresponding:
Daniel Pirici, Department of Histology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania, e-mail: daniel.pirici@umfcv.ro


DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.47.02.21 - Download PDF