Curr Health Sci J, vol. 47, no. 3, 2021

Hip Joint Abnormalities During Midstance in Osteoarthritic Patients

[Original Paper]

C. Statescu(1), B.I. Gavrila(2), A. Deaconu(3), R.M. Traistaru(4),T.A. Balseanu(1)


(1)Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania,
(2)Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila” Bucharest, Romania,
(3)Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania,
(4)Faculty of Midwives and Nursing, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania


Abstract:

Osteoarthritis is one of the most debilitating diseases in Europe affecting the lower limb joints, especially the hip and knee, having a bad influence on gait in the long run as well. Rehabilitation physicians use gait in order for the whole body to be seen in ensemble, and through midstance as moment of gait to also take predilection to falls into consideration. Goniometry is the quantifiable measure of a rehabilitation treatment by measuring the range of motion of each treated joint and studied during time. The patients that volunteered to be part of this study have been divided into four groups, depending on the level of osteoarthritis present at the lower limb joints: hip, knee, both hip and knee osteoarthritis or control group with no osteoarthritis, have been asked to walk for a few times and the video recordings were uploaded into the Angles App where we measured the lower limb joint angles during midstance. Patients with knee osteoarthritis present a more extended hip on both dominant and non-dominant sides compared to the ones with hip osteoarthritis, hip and knee osteoarthritis or control group. The results can be explained through the body’s kinematic chains that link the knee and hip, hip and pelvis during the midstance phase in the sagittal plane. A physician can use a video goniometry app in order for him to thoroughly evaluate an osteoarthritic patient as well as follow him or her during the entire course of treatment.


Keywords:
Goniometer, hip, midstance, osteoarthritis, covid-19, telemedicine.



Corresponding:
Carmen Statescu, phD Student, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, e-mail: statescu.carmen@gmail.com


DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.47.03.05 - Download PDF