Curr Health Sci J, vol. 45, no. 1, 2019

Zirconia Use in Dentistry-Manufacturing and Properties

[Original paper]

L. NISTOR(1), M. GRADINARU(1), R. RICA(1), P. MARASESCU(1), M. STAN(1), H. MANOLEA(1), A. IONESCU(1), I. MORARU (1)


(1)Faculty of Dentistry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova


Abstract:

Several types of metal-free ceramics have been developed to meet the patients demand for natural looking appearance restorations. Owing to their biocompatibility and good mechanical properties zirconia has been successfully used in recent years as a dental biomaterial. Due to its high opacity zirconia cores are generally veneered with porcelain to provide a more natural appearance but with frequent incidence of chipping. As an alternative to veneered zirconia there has emerged a trend of fabrication of full-contour zirconia. This paper reviews the current knowledge and scientific data of the zirconia use in dentistry in order to compare the zirconia based dental restorations with the metal-ceramic ones and also the two types of dental restoration based on zirconia, veneered or monolithic zirconia.


Keywords:
Veneered zirconia, monolithic, manufacture, properties



Corresponding:


DOI 10.12865/CHSJ.45.01.03 - Download PDF